Even before partition, schools were separate for Greek and Turkish Cypriots, though there was a bi-communal school in Lefkosa established by the British. In 1971, there were 542 Greek primary and 42 secondary schools, and 166 Turkish primary and 19 secondary schools. Schooling has been much expanded in the north since partition, with a growing number of colleges and technical schools. Universities are expanding across the island, all teaching in the English language, and now offering a wide range of courses, diplomas and degrees. Indeed, the fees these courses attract have now become a significant source of foreign income for the island.
The Eastern Mediterranean University (EMU) has established itself in Famagusta as an international university catering now for 11,000 students from over 30 different countries around the world. Science, engineering and management are the largest faculties but it also offers courses in law, international relations and both Turkish and English literature.
The newly developed European University of Lefke offers courses in architecture, business administration and English language and literature. Proficiency in the English language is a requirement for enrolment, although a one-year foundation course is offered to improve students' English ability.
Girne American University (GAU) now offers a range of courses, extending dramatically from its original position as a liberal arts college. Its main faculties cover architecture, engineering and economics as well as tourism and hospitality.
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